Cows by Stream
newlyns cattle
The characteristics of the modern Hereford were implanted by a group of breeders more than 200 years ago.  Their objective was to fix in one strain of animal the desirable traits of hardiness, early maturity, prolificacy and the swift, efficient conversion of grass into meat, so firmly that the transmission of these qualities from father to son could always be relied upon.

Their success was spectacular and the Hereford became the cornerstone of the beef economy in all the cattle-raising countries in the world.

Known for their longevity, many females live and produce calves beyond the age of 15 years.  Bulls are capable of remaining profitable at stud to the age of 12 or more.  Many breeders keep their elderly cattle until they die of natural causes and the more sentimental of them, bury them on their farms.

The breed was used in the early part of the 20th Century, primarily as a dual purpose breed,but specialisation for beef and milk led to the beef breeders starting their own section of the herd book in 1958. Since that time the Beef Shorthorns have been developed as a separate breed and in 1976 in an effort to improve the muscling in the breed, the Directors of the Beef Shorthorn Cattle Society sanctioned the use of Maine-Anjou blood into the breed.

The importance of the Shorthorn breed in the development of other cattle breeds is enormous, and Shorthorn genetics have been used worldwide in the development of over 40 different breeds. 
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